Go ask the Ajurans yourself. They will tell you they are not Hawiye lol. I can't believe we're having a discussion about this. Your own revolvy tells you that Bal'ad is Harmaale Samaale.Great! Please post. I would love to see anything produced by or on the Ajuraan.
Meanwhile, the oral traditions were recorded by Cerulli,. Cassanelli just analyzed them.
Revolvy is not much better than Wikipedia, but it is easy to get to online and this has the references and an abtiris for the Ajuraan clan for which I have other sources. There are those who say ( ( actually stated here) that even Bal'ad was Hawiyya.
The Ajuran (Arabic: أجران) is a Hawiye subclan. Group members largely inhabit Kenya as well as Ethiopia; considerable numbers are also found in Somalia.
The Ajuran clan's origins are found in the Ajuran Sultante, a Somali Muslimsultanate that ruled over large parts of the Horn of Africa in the Middle Ages. Today they largely live in Kenya, the North Eastern Provinceand the Somali region of Ethiopia, but also in Somalia.
The Ajuraan largely speak the Somali language, but a big portion also speak the Borana language.
The Ajuran are descendants of Alama who in turn is a son of Bal'ad who traces descent from Harmalle Samaale through multiple ancestors.
The Ajuran clan established the Garen Dynasty that ruled both Mogadishu Sultanate and Ajuran Empire during the middle ages.
This Clan Tree is based on "Identities on the Move: Clanship and Pastoralism in Northern Kenya" by Gunther Schlee.
Notable Ajuran people
- Olol Dinle, Idhow Roble
- Mohamed Haji Mukhtar (25 February 2003). Historical Dictionary of Somalia. Scarecrow Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-8108-6604-1.
- Kenya National Assembly Official Record (Hansard). 1984-03-20.
- Luling, Virginia (2002). Somali Sultanate: the Geledi city-state over 150 years. Transaction Publishers. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-874209-98-0.
- Luc Cambrézy, Populations réfugiées: de l'exil au retour, p.316
- Mukhtar, Mohamed Haji. "The Emergence and Role of Political Parties in the Inter-River Region of Somalia from 1947–1960". Ufahamu. 17 (2): 98.
- Schlee, Günther; Watson, Elizabeth E. (2009-01-01). Changing Identifications and Alliances in North-East Africa. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845456030.
- Schlee, Günther; Watson, Elizabeth E. (2009-01-01). Changing "
If James has better information he needs to link it, which he has not done and which I do not think he can do. The only possible non Hawiyye in the mix is Bal'ad, @James Dahl .
"The Ajuran are descendants of Alama who in turn is a son of Bal'ad who traces descent from Harmalle Samaale"
I suggest you look into the abirsi page of Ajuran: http://www.abtirsi.com/view.php?person=1595&abtirsiLang=1
The Ajuran clan ruled Hawiye, Rahanweyn, Madanle, Benadiri and others in southern/central Somalia and eastern Ethiopia. The kingdom was highly centralized and the Ajuran clan were top monarchy. No confederation and other nonsense you were spewing.
Ajuran Sultanate were known to be highly centralized and if they were made up of confederate states then that would make them a decentralized kingdom which isn't the case.
This source not only tells you they were a highly centralized kingdom but also ruled the benadir coast which you have denied multiple times.
This source is called Nation Building: Why Some Countries Come Together While Others Fall
Another great feature from the Ajuran Sultanate is they were great taxers and collected tribute from inner cities, nomads and farmers in the interior as well as products from the coastal cities. The Ajuran ruled their subjects with an iron fist with a powerful military of mounted guns that policed the state and the sophisticated architectures found on the Benadir coast and in the interior during the middle ages were all attributed by the Ajuran engineers.
This source is from Historical Dictionary of Somalia written by your favourite author.