What word similarities do we share with Ethiopians?

Plo_Koon

❇Geeljire of the Cosmos❇
I did this a while back


Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔab-Meaning: father [Note: ( ʔ ) = hamza ء]
Semitic: *ʔab- 'father'
Berber: *ʔab(b)- 'father'
Egyptian: ꜣb.t 'family' , 'parents'
Western Chadic: *ʔa/ub- 'father'
Central Chadic: *ʔab- 'father'
East Chadic: *ʔab- 'man' (?)
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʔab- 'father'
Saho-Afar: *ʔab- 'father'
Low East Cushitic: *ʔab- 'father'
High East Cushitic: *ʔab- 'father, uncle'
South Cushitic: *ʔab- 'father'

Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔad-Meaning: elder female relative; lady
Central Chadic
: *ʔadi ~ *dada 'grandmother'
East Chadic: *ʔadid- 'mother-in-law, grandmother, daughter-in-law'
Beḍauye (Beja): enda 'Mutter'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʔad- 'mother'
Low East Cushitic: *ʔadad- 'paternal aunt'1, 'aunt' ( Somali : eedo )
High East Cushitic: *ʔadad- 'maternal aunt, mother'
Warazi (Dullay): *ʔatit- 'elder sister'
Omotic: *ʔind- 'mother'

Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔadir-Meaning: paternal uncle; master, lord
Semitic
: *ʔaddīr- 'noble, notable' 1, 'majestic, powerful' 2, 'assembly of elders, council' 3
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʔadar- 'master, lord' 1, 'God' 2
Low East Cushitic: *ʔader- 'paternal uncle' 1, 'uncle' 2
South Cushitic: *daʔar- 'chief'

Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *(ʔa-)na/if-Meaning: breath, blowing
Semitic:
*ʔanp- 'nose'
Berber: *-naf- 'fresh humid wind'
Egyptian: nf.t (OK) 'fan', nf (NK) 'breath; wind'
Central Chadic: *nip/f- 'breathe' 1, 'life' 2
Beḍauye (Beja): nifi 'to blow (wind)'
Saho-Afar: *naf- 'breath, soul' 1, 'face' 2
Low East Cushitic: *na/ēf- 'breath' 1, soul' 2, 'life' 3
Omotic: *nap- 'blow, swell'

Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔil-Meaning: eye
Berber
: *wall- 'eye' 1, 'eyes' 2
Central Chadic: *Hyal- 'eye'
Beḍauye (Beja): líli 'eye'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʕil- 'eyeLow East Cushitic: *ʔil- 'eye'
High East Cushitic: *Hill- 'eye'
South Cushitic: *ʔil- 'eye'
Dahalo (Sanye): ʔila 'eye'
Mogogodo (Yaaku): ila 'eyes'

Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔilal-Meaning: see, look
Western Chadic
: *(H)yal- 'see'
East Chadic: *HiwVll- 'see'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʕalal- 'look'
Saho-Afar: *ʔilal- 'watch' 1, 'look' 2
Low East Cushitic: *ʔilal- 'watch' 1, 'look' 2
Dahalo (Sanye): ʔeley- 'know'

Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔilkʷ-Meaning: tooth
Semitic
: *ʔ/ʕVlVk- ~ *ʕalik- 'chew, gnaw' 1, 'molars' 2
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʔilkʷ- 'tooth'
Low East Cushitic: *ʔilkʷ- 'tooth'
High East Cushitic: *ʔilk- 'tooth'
Warazi (Dullay): *ʔilg- 'tooth'
 

Plo_Koon

❇Geeljire of the Cosmos❇
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʕal-Meaning: height, elevation, mountain
Semitic
: *ʕall- ~ *ʕVlʕVl- ~ *laʕl- 'height, elevation, the above' 1, 'upper part' 2, 'be high, elevated' 3, 'raise, elevate' 4
Saho-Afar: (?) *ʔal- 'mountain'
Low East Cushitic: *ʕal- 'mountain'
... i guess Calmadow ,Ali and EL AL (Hebrew: אל על‎, "To the Skies" ) have something in common lol.


Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ball-Meaning: feather, wing
Semitic
: *nu-ball- (*mu-ball) 'eagle's feather'
Berber: *bulbul 'feather'
Western Chadic: *bV-bāl- 'shoulder' 1, 'arm' 2 - cf.
Central Chadic: *mu-bal- 'arm'1, 'shoulder' 2 - cf.
Saho-Afar: *bal- 'feather'
Low East Cushitic: *bal(l)- 'wing'
High East Cushitic: *ball(aʔ)- 'feather'
Omotic: *bal- 'feather'

Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *bar-Meaning: see, know
Semitic
: *bVrVy- 'see, examine'
Egyptian: br 'see' (gr).
Central Chadic: *bur- 'think, consuder 1, 'remember' 2
Saho-Afar: *bar- 'learn'
Low East Cushitic: *bar- 'learn'
Dahalo (Sanye): ḅar- 'know'

Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *bur-Meaning: dry land, sand, dust
Semitic
: *barr- 'empty place' 1, 'field' 2, '(dry) land' 3, 'region' 4
Western Chadic: *buHVr- 'sand' 1, 'dust' 2
Central Chadic: *bur- 'sand' 1, 'dust' 2
East Chadic: *bar-H- 'field'
Saho-Afar: *bur- 'sand'
Low East Cushitic: *bur- 'dune' 1, 'earth' 2
Dahalo (Sanye): ḅur-une 'dust'
 
What people don't realize is that the Cushitic language family (excluding Beja, yes they are Cushitic, but they split even earlier) is about as old as Indo-European.

So Cushitic languages can be almost as different from each other as German, Russian, Persian, and Spanish are from each other.

It is easier to learn Arabic than to learn other Cushitic languages for a Somali native speaker.

Nevertheless, the biggest Cushitic language: Oromo, is relatively close to Somali, but many of the other ones aren't.
Time and time again, I see people exaggerating the emphasis of similarities between Horners to the extent that it undermines the integrity of differences, giving no respect to the real history outside this juvenile outlook of the past.
 

Apollo

Staff Member
Time and time again, I see people exaggerating the emphasis of similarities between Horners to the extent that it undermines the integrity of differences, giving no respect to the real history outside this juvenile outlook of the past.
It's because most people here are young diasporans who grew up in the West and haven't experienced the cultural differences between the different ethnicities in the Horn. From their life in the West they see that other Horners are the only group who look most similar to them and then get curious about the connections (such as Cushitic etc). But yeah, I agree, some here exaggerate it.
 

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