HISTORY Mogadishu in Reer Xamar Oral History

Helios

Ramadan Mubarak
AQOONYAHAN
VIP
An Azanian Trio: Three East African Arabic Historical Documents


This book covers 3 Arabic texts and includes a translation of each 3 and a transcription of them in Arabic as well

The documents are a collection of Reer Xamar and Swahili oral history/coast history and are late 19th and early 20th century texts

The Kitab Al Zunuuj version K & L
K كتابالزنوج -
originally from Somalia and belonged to the Qadi of Kismayo and later Qadi of Mogadishu Shaykh Abā Bakr bin Muḥyī ʾl-Dīn Mukarram
L كتابالزنوج - from Witu in Kenya

And the Kawkab al-durriya li-akhbār Ifrīqiya
كوكبالدرّ يةّ لاخبار افر يقية -
written by Bajuni Shaykh Fāḍil bin ʿUmar al-Bawrī


In the translation the text is supplemented by other sources periodically

Some claims made are*
- Himyarite Pre Islamic construction of homes in the Swahili coast + Barawe/Mogadishu and founding these places

- Jewish Himyar Arabs founding Mogadishu with Tubba Asʿad al-Kāmil and two rabbis

- Ummayad arrival on the coast with an army and kharāj given to them by Mogadishu and Kilwa without bloodshed

- Nomination of an Ummayad Emir that ruled the coast until the ouster of the dynasty by the Abbasids

- An Abbasid delegation to the Sultans of the coast cities in 766-767 (Mogadishu, Kilwa etc) and gained new kharāj for the Abbasid Caliph

- In 804-805 there was a refusal to pay kharaj to the Caliph Harun Ar Rashid and Persian muslims would govern after being installed in every city

- Caliph Harun Ar-Rashid's son Caliph Al Mamun had to also pacify the area and collect kharāj


Keep in mind I am listing big things from all 3 manuscripts and some claims may conflict*
 
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Helios

Ramadan Mubarak
AQOONYAHAN
VIP
This is the song sang about the Himyarite ruler As'ad Al Kamil who is credited in these oral accounts as building Mogadishu and many other places

لما اراد اللهّٰ بالحدثان إحياء ارضالرملة والطان
رأسالمدينة مقدشو ولقد بنا اسعد فتى حسان والحبران
بلد حصين بين زنج وحبسة عشر ين يوماً بعدها يومان
هو من تبابعة اليمن ملكالذي عن قومه مذكور في القرآن

When God desired to bring life in the beginning to the land of sand and mire
He began with the Town of Maqdishū and Asʿad son of Ḥassān and the two rabbis built it
He is one of the Tubbaʿ’s of Yaman, the king whose people are mentioned in the Qurʾān



The people of Tubba aka the Himyarites are mentioned in the Qur'an in Surah Ad Dukhan 43:37 and Surah Qaf 50:14

أَهُمْ خَيْرٌ أَمْ قَوْمُ تُبَّعٍ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۚ أَهْلَكْنَاهُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا مُجْرِمِينَ
Are they better or the people of Tubba' and those before them? We destroyed them, [for] indeed, they were criminals.

وَأَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ وَقَوْمُ تُبَّعٍ ۚ كُلٌّ كَذَّبَ الرُّسُلَ فَحَقَّ وَعِيدِ
And the companions of the thicket and the people of Tubba'. All denied the messengers, so My threat was justly fulfilled.

Here is the full tafsir of the ayah in Surah Ad-Dukhan which explains the People of Tubba
 

GemState

Probitas
Sounds fake imo, Highly doubt either the Ummayds or Abbasids governed or were suzerains of parts of Somalia, there would have been more records of it than oral history if they expanded that far south.
 

Helios

Ramadan Mubarak
AQOONYAHAN
VIP
Sounds fake imo, Highly doubt either the Ummayds or Abbasids governed or were suzerains of parts of Somalia, there would have been more records of it than oral history if they expanded that far south.
Only way to verify is a document on Ummayad/Abbasid activity in those years
 
An Azanian Trio: Three East African Arabic Historical Documents


This book covers 3 Arabic texts and includes a translation of each 3 and a transcription of them in Arabic as well

The documents are a collection of Reer Xamar and Swahili oral history/coast history and are late 19th and early 20th century texts

The Kitab Al Zunuuj version K & L
K كتابالزنوج -
originally from Somalia and belonged to the Qadi of Kismayo and later Qadi of Mogadishu Shaykh Abā Bakr bin Muḥyī ʾl-Dīn Mukarram
L كتابالزنوج - from Witu in Kenya

And the Kawkab al-durriya li-akhbār Ifrīqiya
كوكبالدرّ يةّ لاخبار افر يقية -
written by Bajuni Shaykh Fāḍil bin ʿUmar al-Bawrī


In the translation the text is supplemented by other sources periodically

Some claims made are*
- Himyarite Pre Islamic construction of homes in the Swahili coast + Barawe/Mogadishu and founding these places

- Jewish Himyar Arabs founding Mogadishu with Tubba Asʿad al-Kāmil and two rabbis

- Ummayad arrival on the coast with an army and kharāj given to them by Mogadishu and Kilwa without bloodshed

- Nomination of an Ummayad Emir that ruled the coast until the ouster of the dynasty by the Abbasids

- An Abbasid delegation to the Sultans of the coast cities in 766-767 (Mogadishu, Kilwa etc) and gained new kharāj for the Abbasid Caliph

- In 804-805 there was a refusal to pay kharaj to the Caliph Harun Ar Rashid and Persian muslims would govern after being installed in every city

- Caliph Harun Ar-Rashid's son Caliph Al Mamun had to also pacify the area and collect kharāj


Keep in mind I am listing big things from all 3 manuscripts and some claims may conflict*
it's a great document but it contains many legends and myths. For example they say somalis are arabs QUOTE ": As to the origin of the Somali, they are without doubt the Arabs, as is said in the book Sabaik al-Dahab, they are descended from the son of son of Bur son of Qaydar son of Ishmael son of Abraham - to their health and blessing. But there are different views (on the Somali) because others say that they are descended from the son of Laqsan son of Abraham – to him be greetings- "
 
An Azanian Trio: Three East African Arabic Historical Documents


This book covers 3 Arabic texts and includes a translation of each 3 and a transcription of them in Arabic as well

The documents are a collection of Reer Xamar and Swahili oral history/coast history and are late 19th and early 20th century texts

The Kitab Al Zunuuj version K & L
K كتابالزنوج -
originally from Somalia and belonged to the Qadi of Kismayo and later Qadi of Mogadishu Shaykh Abā Bakr bin Muḥyī ʾl-Dīn Mukarram
L كتابالزنوج - from Witu in Kenya

And the Kawkab al-durriya li-akhbār Ifrīqiya
كوكبالدرّ يةّ لاخبار افر يقية -
written by Bajuni Shaykh Fāḍil bin ʿUmar al-Bawrī


In the translation the text is supplemented by other sources periodically

Some claims made are*
- Himyarite Pre Islamic construction of homes in the Swahili coast + Barawe/Mogadishu and founding these places

- Jewish Himyar Arabs founding Mogadishu with Tubba Asʿad al-Kāmil and two rabbis

- Ummayad arrival on the coast with an army and kharāj given to them by Mogadishu and Kilwa without bloodshed

- Nomination of an Ummayad Emir that ruled the coast until the ouster of the dynasty by the Abbasids

- An Abbasid delegation to the Sultans of the coast cities in 766-767 (Mogadishu, Kilwa etc) and gained new kharāj for the Abbasid Caliph

- In 804-805 there was a refusal to pay kharaj to the Caliph Harun Ar Rashid and Persian muslims would govern after being installed in every city

- Caliph Harun Ar-Rashid's son Caliph Al Mamun had to also pacify the area and collect kharāj


Keep in mind I am listing big things from all 3 manuscripts and some claims may conflict*
An Azanian Trio: Three East African Arabic Historical Documents


This book covers 3 Arabic texts and includes a translation of each 3 and a transcription of them in Arabic as well

The documents are a collection of Reer Xamar and Swahili oral history/coast history and are late 19th and early 20th century texts

The Kitab Al Zunuuj version K & L
K كتابالزنوج -
originally from Somalia and belonged to the Qadi of Kismayo and later Qadi of Mogadishu Shaykh Abā Bakr bin Muḥyī ʾl-Dīn Mukarram
L كتابالزنوج - from Witu in Kenya

And the Kawkab al-durriya li-akhbār Ifrīqiya
كوكبالدرّ يةّ لاخبار افر يقية -
written by Bajuni Shaykh Fāḍil bin ʿUmar al-Bawrī


In the translation the text is supplemented by other sources periodically

Some claims made are*
- Himyarite Pre Islamic construction of homes in the Swahili coast + Barawe/Mogadishu and founding these places

- Jewish Himyar Arabs founding Mogadishu with Tubba Asʿad al-Kāmil and two rabbis

- Ummayad arrival on the coast with an army and kharāj given to them by Mogadishu and Kilwa without bloodshed

- Nomination of an Ummayad Emir that ruled the coast until the ouster of the dynasty by the Abbasids

- An Abbasid delegation to the Sultans of the coast cities in 766-767 (Mogadishu, Kilwa etc) and gained new kharāj for the Abbasid Caliph

- In 804-805 there was a refusal to pay kharaj to the Caliph Harun Ar Rashid and Persian muslims would govern after being installed in every city

- Caliph Harun Ar-Rashid's son Caliph Al Mamun had to also pacify the area and collect kharāj


Keep in mind I am listing big things from all 3 manuscripts and some claims may conflict*
Also historians and archeologians agree that Mogadishu was founded around the 10th century, there is no evidence of permanent hymarite or ummayad settlements
 
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