Gathering and collection of historical somali documents and photographs

Discussion in 'Culture & History' started by Libaaxseendheer, Mar 12, 2019.

  1. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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  2. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    The Marehan tribe occupy the north-east part in the neighbourhood of Serenleh and Dolo. From Italian territory they have emigrated into Jubaland during the last twenty years, and are still inclined to be turbulent. They are possessors of large numbers of camels, and of horses also in lesser number, but, unlike the Ogaden, they do not rear cattle extensively. Probably their numbers do not exceed 5000.

    The Herti Somali occupy the coast, Of the three sub-tribes of the Herti, the Midjertein [Majeerteen] are the most numerous in Jubaland, while the Wasengeleh are but few in number and the Dolbahanta still remain to the east of the Juba. The Herti do business as traders as well as rear cattle. Their numbers are about 3000.

    b]The Ogaden Somali are split up into five important sub-tribes are the Mohamed Zubeir, the Aulihan, the Abd Wak, the Abdallah, and the Magharbul. Two other sub-tribes are of less importance, namely, the Her Mohamed and the Habr Suliman. It is remarkable that the so-called Mad Mullah, Mohamed Abdullah Hassan, belongs to the very unimportant tribe of the Habr Suliman (Bah Gari). Of the Ogaden in Jubaland the Mohamed Zubeir are the most influential and numerous. They occupy the Afmadu district as far south as the Deshek Wama, and own immense quantities of cattle. The Aulihan tribe frequent the district to the west and south of Serenleh. They are rich in camels as well as cattle, and the Juba river is their main water-supply.[/b]
     
  3. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    The first contact between Ogaden clansmen and Abyssinian army was exactly in 1900 and it took place on the banks of Shabelle river, at a place called Imey. In that confrontation the Abyssinians were thoroughly defeated. They dumped all their weaponry and hastily retreated. Some of the loot was brought to Sayid Mohammed as a present when he came to Moxamed Zubeir in Harodigeed. People also should not forget that Minilik only conquered Harar in 1899!

    @Teeri-Alpha can you confirm this?
     
  4. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    The Anglo-Ethiopian Agreement of 1944

    In this second Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty the Ethiopians had little option but to agree to British demands for the continued occupation of the Reserved Area and Ogaden. The Emperor’s negotiators nevertheless persuaded the British to accept a reformulation of the relevant article, Article 7, which accordingly declared:

    “In order as an Ally to contribute to the effective prosecution of the war, and without prejudice to her underlying sovereignty, the Imperial Ethiopian Government hereby agree that, for the duration of the Agreement, the territories designated as the Reserved Area and the Ogaden… shall be under British Military Administration'”.
    Britain’s motive in retaining Ogaden became apparent in the Spring of 1946, when the British Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin, proposed that the territory be joined to ex-Italian Somalia, and placed, together with British Somaliland, under British Trusteeship. His government further suggested that Ethiopia, bereft of Ogaden, should be given compensation in Eritrea. This Greater Somalia plan, as it was called, was immediately rejected by the Ethiopian Government, and ran into strong Soviet opposition. Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov declared that the scheme was designed to “expand the British Empire at the expense of Italy and Ethiopia, and to consolidate the monopolistic position of Great Britain in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea”.

    Faced with such fierce opposition, Britain abandoned its hold on most of Ogaden in 1948, but retained the fertile grazing land of Haud until 1954, when the entire region was at last, returned to Ethiopia. This was a full two decades after its first alienation by fascist Italy at the time of Wal Wal.

    Source:https://www.linkethiopia.org/article/16-post-world-war-ii-relations-with-the-british/

    Is this Wal Wal wiil waal?
    @Teeri-Alpha
     
  5. Teeri-Alpha

    Teeri-Alpha VIP

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    its true, the Sayid and Ogaden would karbash ethiopians and 1door on 4 ocaasions the Ethiopians and 3 occasions the 1door despite having more weapons from the British for both and even the russians supporting the dirty Ethiopians,

    so if the foreigners stayed out in 1977 and 1900s we could take on the Ethiopians, the Said karbashed ethiopians 3 times despite having better weapons from the Russians and British,

    the Ogaden is always willing to die for the land, after all it has our name on it since 1884 when the british called it Ogadeniya,

    alas, we need heavy weapons next time insha Allah to wipe out the dirty habashi,

    one on one the Ogaden can always defeat the Ethiopian if the foreigners and western powers stay out, because the Ogaden soldier is free fighting for his land whilst the average habashi soldier was a feudal slave being pushed by ethiopian elite who use them as foot soldiers, which is why its easier to defeat the because the Ogaden has the will and high moral to die for his land, which is why they always run with out russian/British/cuban etc help,

    your reer abti never ever fears away from a good war, they are very brave and are willing to die for the land hence why out of 26 somali tribes, we rule the place, since we only died for the place,
     
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  6. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    The horn aflame 1892-1920:the warrior mullah
     
  7. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    Waxaa laga wariyay Darwiish dagaalkaas kujiray, oo la odhan jiray Jaamac Ismaaciil Dhoon-oo Dhulbahnata ah,-wuxuu yidhi gaal aanan magiciisa garnayn asay Daraawiish ubixisay Af-carbeedle,oo colka Ingiriska aad u dagaal galinaayay, ayaa Darwiish la odhanjiray Xaaji Maxamuud Dheri oo geesinimo loo ogaa kadibna dagaalkii Cagaarwayne ku shihiiday ayaa ku dhaartay inuu ku jana tago gaalkan muslimiinta dhibay ee sheekadisuna soo caan baxaday, Xaajigii intuu Qorigiisii garabka gashaday,Seeftiina gacanta midig ku qabsaday ayuu colkii dhexqaaday asagoon cabsi lagu arkayn ,in kastoo gaalkii Af-carbeedle xabado badaan bastoolad kaga soo riday Xaajiga , hadana dan muusan kagaline intuu gacanta oola tagay ayuu Seeftii kurka kaga jaray. Xaaji Jaamac ismaaciil Dhoon oo sheekadan wariyay wuxuu yidhi labadayda indhood waxaan ka qaaday isgoo Darwiishkaasi madixii gaalka wato oo uu luqunta faraskiisa ka laadlaadiyay. Taariikhda Daraawiishta Iyo Sayid Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan Aw Jaamac Cumar Ciise 1976.
     
  8. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    I see that you have access great resources regarding the mullah. Do you have access to any documented sources regarding the Kalxoor raid in 1915 lead by his brother in law Abshir Dhoore against the Cismaan Yoonis in Kalxoor? His three Ali Geri uncles were water boys for Absir Dhoore, it's when they lost 62 men and horses among them his favorite horse Weyseysane due to Xassan Oomar and his Cismaan Yoonis men in Kalxoor. Debeetana waa tuu tixdii "Kalxoor" tiriyay when he cursed his Ali Geri uncles and Abshir Dhoore for losing 62 men and his favorite horse.

    Wadeecayse neefkii fardaha ugu war weynaaye
    Waheey wahe ma Weyseysanaa waaxid kale fuulay
    Wedkana diidi maayee siduu inanku ii wiiqay
    (Requires confirmation)
     
  9. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    King's College London Archives
    King's College London
    Strand, London WC2R 2LS
    United Kingdom
    telephone:
    020 7848 2015 (general enquiries and appointments)


    ISMAY: 3/1/20 1919 May 21
    Summary by Ismay (as intelligence officer 1916-18), Burao Somaliland, of intelligence in British Somaliland 1915-Dec 1918, including description of forts; Dervish organisation; Dervish tactics 1914-1917; notes on Dervish personalities (pp 64-74 missing but see 3/1/22); genealogical table of the Mullah (Mahomed bin Abdulla Hassan); map of portion of Somaliland (scale 1:1,000,000 GSGS 1781, revised 1906). Typescript 116pp and map

    ISMAY: 3/1/22 [1919]
    Draft by Ismay of Dervish personalities with section on the Mullah (Mahomed bin Abdulla Hassan) for inclusion in summary (3/1/20-draft of missing pp 64-74) of intelligence in British Somaliland 1915-Dec 1918; extract from a letter from the Mullah mocking British alliances as indicating weakness. Manuscript and typescript 12pp

    ISMAY: 3/1/21 [1919]
    Draft by Ismay of Dervish organisation included in summary (3/1/20) of intelligence in British Somaliland 1915-Dec 1918. Typescript carbon 5pp

    ISMAY: 3/1/25 1920 Jan 4-Feb 9
    Diary with daily entries by Ismay outlining operations in Somaliland with the Somaliland Camel Corps. Manuscript 11pp

    ISMAY: 3/1/26 1920 Feb 1-17
    Diary with daily entries by Ismay outlining operations in Somaliland with the Somaliland Camel Corps. Manuscript 18pp

    ISMAY: 3/1/48 1920 Feb 8-9
    Message from Col H S Pinder, War Office, to Lt Col Ismay reporting the capture of the Mullah's stock, similar activities of Col Wilkinson, SNO's capture, after bombardment, of Galbaribur fort, the Mullah's precipitate flight from Hela near Medishe, Somaliland and supplies forwarded with Lt Edlington; message from Col G H Summers, Officer Commanding Somaliland Field Force, Eil Afweina, Somaliland to Lt Col Ismay with news and plans. Manuscript 7pp

    ISMAY: 3/1/57 1920 Feb 10-20
    Message from Lt J W Watts, Hudin to Ismay, Sicerder forwarding messages and arranging convoy of supplies. With message from Col H S Pinder, El Afweina, Somaliland to Ismay requesting information and forwarding orders; message from Col G H Summers to Ismay stating decision taken at Eil Dur Elan, with Governor and officer commanding 'Z' Force, to bomb Tale, Somaliland three days running, detailing plans in event of Tale's capture and possible open door left for the Mullah, (Mahomed bin Abdulla Hassan) and requesting that the Governor place the 'Friendlies' under Ismay's command. Manuscript 8pp

    ISMAY: 3/1/77 1920 Mar 28-Apr 10
    Letter from Col G H Summers, commanding Somaliland Field Force Berbera, Somaliland to Governor and Commander in Chief Somaliland Protectorate with report by Summers on military operations carried out in conjunction with the RAF in expedition against the Dervishes Sep 1919-Feb 1920, with the following officers mentioned: Maj C A L Howard; Gp Capt (Col) R Gordon, officer commanding Z Unit RAF; Lt Col J S Wilkinson, KAR; Capt S G Allden, RASC; Capt J F Codman; Maj A S Lawrence, political officer; Capt R Le Fleming, 1/101 Grenadiers; Maj H Rayne, MC, late KAR; Col G R Breading, Somaliland Protectorate. With copies of telegrams received and despatched by officer commanding Somaliland Field Force 2-11 Feb 1920 (gives date of receipt of Ismay's messages); report of field state of Somaliland Field Force Jan 1920 and casualty return Nov 1919-Mar 1920; reports on wireless telegraph operations; report by Summers on supply situation before Dec 1919; report by Capt S G Allden, QS officer Berbera, Somaliland on supply work during operations Jan-Mar 1920; report by Capt S G Allden, QS officer Berbera, on camel transport employed during operations Jan-Mar 1920; Medical Report by Lt Col J S Wilkinson, commanding B Force Somaliland Field Force Musha Aled, and Capt M F Murphy, Senior Medical Officer B Force; Medical Report by Surgeon Cdr E Cameron, RN, Senior Medical Officer B Force; Report by Capt E LeFleming, commanding Wing 1/101 Grenadiers (Indian Army), on operations: Preliminary 1920 Jan 18-Mar 6; advance on Jidali, 1920 and operations there; and return to base at Eil Dur Elan, Somaliland. Typescript carbon 121pp

    ISMAY: 3/1/82 1921 Mar 4
    Reprint of the despatch from Sir Geoffrey C Archer to the Secretary of State for the Colonies on operations in British Somaliland 1915-1919 published in the London Gazette, (London, HMSO, 1919). Printed

    British Library: Asia, Pacific and Africa Collections.
    96 Euston Road
    London
    NW1 2DB
    England
    Tel: 020 7412 7873
    Fax: 020 7412 7641

    Collection 324A/117 Operations against the dervishes 1914-1917. IOR/L/MIL/7/14621 1914-1918

    Collection 324A/118 Interchange of intelligence reports between Somaliland and Aden. IOR/L/MIL/7/14622 1915

    Collection 324A/121 Memorandum for 1909 regarding situation in Somaliland received from Foreign Office. IOR/L/MIL/7/14625 1910

    Collection 324A/131 Somaliland operations, 1919: report and recommendations for reward, measures to prevent mullah's escape (Mullah Mahommed Abdullah). IOR/L/MIL/7/14634 1919-1933


    documents are held at British Library, Asia, Pacific and Africa Collections

    Somaliland Expedition 1902-1904: Base diary IOR/L/MIL/5/700 Feb 1903-Jun 1904


    Somaliland Expedition 1902-1904: Col A.N. Rochfort's Staff diary IOR/L/MIL/5/701 Jan 1903-Apr 1904


    Somaliland Expedition 1902-1904: Staff diary, lines of communication, Obbia Force IOR/L/MIL/5/702 Feb 1903-Jun 1903


    Somaliland Expedition 1902-1904: Staff diary, lines of communication, Berbera-Bohotle IOR/L/MIL/5/703 Dec 1902-Jun 1904

    Collection 425/742 Operations against "Mad Mullah" (Dervishes) at Las Korai (Somaliland); despatch of double company of 58th Vaughan's Rifles; outbreak of scurvy among troops. IOR/L/MIL/7/17920 1916-1918

    Folio 81: telegram from Commissioner of the Somaliland Protectorate to Secretary of State for the Colonies 13th August 1914, anticipated Dervish concentration in the Ain has not materialised. No further developments reported from Jidali except successful spread of Dervish propaganda in that locality by the ex naval interpreter Haji Sudi.

    Collection 324A/111 Dervish attack on Camel Corps and capture of Burao: subsequent situation. IOR/L/MIL/7/14614 1913-1914

    Collection 324A/110 Dervish attack on Camel Corps, Somaliland, 9 August 1913: despatch of reinforcements from Aden. IOR/L/MIL/7/14613 1913-1915
     
  10. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    "Pending authority to follow the Mullah into Italian territory.
    Colonel Swayne moved from Bohotleh against the Arasama and
    Allegiri sections of the Dolbahanta tribe, who had helped the
    Mullah [Sayid Mohamed A Hassan], and while concentrating at Bohotleh captured two
    thousand camels and about fiifteen thousand sheep. On 26th,
    at 1.45 A.M., they attacked the Allegiri Karias and captured
    more stock, and on 8th July we find the main body again back
    at Bohotleh.

    Hearing of the Mullah's return to British territory, Colonel
    Swayne left Bohotleh on 9th July to attack him ; and on the
    evening of 16th July we find the force at Kur Gerad about to
    make an early morning attack on the Mullah, the latter being
    in position with a large force, ' including over six hundred rifle-
    men, at Fir-Diddin [aka Fardhidin].

    On the reserve infantry coming up, the Mullah retired in a
    hurry, water-vessels, camel-mats, and other of his belongings
    being scattered on the ground ; Our loss at this action of Fir-Diddin [Fardhidin] was one British officer and
    eleven men killed, and one British officer (Lieut. Dickinson) and
    seventeen men wounded."

    the Dervishes side, here is a poem from Xuseen Maxamuud Faarax, Xuseen-dhiqle, who was the Press Minister of the Dervishes, describing the defeat that were delivered against British, the Indian troops, the Africans rifles, and their ****** minion levies:


    × Socdaaladatan joogow berraad, socod damcaysaane

    × Safaryahow salaama e haddaad, saaka naga guurto

    × Sagootigii iyo hadday, sooryo idin raacdo

    × Saraar yeelan meel siman bannaan, suudi iyo guure

    × Jidku waa sursuuree haddii, Eebbe idin saabsho

    × Sabadii baddii waxaad u dhixi, laba siddeedaade

    × Hadday idin salaamaan kuwii, sahanka dhawraayey

    × War haddii lagaa sugo adoo, daal la socon waayey

    × Sunne ma aha xaajaduye yey, idinka seeraarin

    × Abtiyaal sidaan idin fariyo, sawd yar naga geeya

    × Ku salaama boqorkii adduun, seegid bow darane



    × Gabay waa nin seegiyo nimuu, saabka kaga yaalle

    × Sikhilaa la mariyaa birtaan, soofe kicinayne

    × Waan kala sifeeyaa sidii, saayaqoo kale

    × Afartaa intaan saxay miyaan, siinka ka higaadshay

    × Sawd kalena waa hadal yarood, sixi akhbaartiisa



    × Sallax Eerigooy maalintey, samaddu gaadootey

    × Sumuciyo jigraha maalintay, saanadu is dhaaftay

    × Saraakiisha maantuu tukuhu, saabka kaga joogay

    × Ee suuniyaalow Kufrigu, baqaha siigeeyey

    × Waa siin Illaahay wuxuu, gaalku noo sidaye

    × Ingiriis sidii loo galiyo, saxalka ****** ah
    × Sanbab dooxaniyo xiidmo sayan, sabar wixii yiilay

    × Saf dhanbaa la gawracay sidii, sadaqo Ciideede

    × Cawar waxaa surkii lagaga jaray, sulub dharaareede

    × Saddex aliflayaashaan gudnayn, sedatay naartiiye

    × Sumaciyo seefaha dabkiyo, saanadda aan taabnay

    × Tagoo seediyaal kaga warama, suuqa iyo xeebta

    × Ku sayaxa safkii Ferenji iyo, saaxirka kharaabay

    × Ku salaama boqorkii adduun, seegid baw darane

    × Sucdigaynu leenahay haddaan, anigu suureeyey

    × Sifadooda reer boqor haddaan, hadal kusii saydho

    × Nimanyahow sokeeyeynu nahay, saxar la’aaneede

    × Saalixiya diinteenu way, ina simaysaaye

    × Samaan iyo kalgacal Eebbahay, wuu na kala siine

    × Sayidkuna jeclaa idinka iyo, socotadiiniiye

    × Soomaali hadalkeedu yuu, suruq inoo yeelin.
     
  11. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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  12. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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  13. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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  14. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    At length, however, they were unable to uphold the flourishing state constructed in the thirteenth century. A series of Zaidi imams managed to regain ground in the Yemeni highlands from the end of the thirteenth century, more importantly Zaidi imams managed to convert the Kurds of Dhamar (remnants of the Ayyubid military) into the Zaydi sect & pacified the Kurds of Dhamar,[16] the Rasulid sultans were unable to score a decisive military success against rebels. The Zaidi forces took over San'a in 1324. 8PwPcHS.png
     
  15. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    In Imey against Selassie:


    Probably the earliest European explorer to visit Imi was Arthur Rimbaud, who was working at the time as a commercial agent in Hararfor the firm of Mazeran, Vinnay and Barday. In a report of his expeditions into the Somali state, dated 10 December 1883, Rimbaud proposed setting up a trading post at Imi(Iimeey), "a large, permanent village situated on the Karanle bank of the river, eight days from Harar by caravan."[1]


    Near Imi, RasMakonnen Wolde Mikael's troops had suffered a grievous defeat by the Karanle (Ugas Bede Mahad) warriors in 1890. A British hunter Colonel Swayne, who visited Imi(Iimeey) in February 1893, was shown "the remains of the bivouac of an enormous Abyssinian army which had been defeated some two or three years before."[2] Italian explorers who visited Imi(Iimeey) early in 1891 found the once prosperous village "squalid" and miserable because of raids from Harar. A local landmark in Imi is the tomb of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, known as "Mad Mullah"; he died in 1921, but by the 1930s his tomb had become a shapeless heap of rubble.[3]


    In 1964 the Bale rebelsattacked larger settlements, such as El-kareand Imi and, while they failed to capture them, they succeeded in gaining control of the rest of the district as smaller posts were abandoned by government forces. Of these two, Imi was the only one which the rebels at one point captured and held briefly. Twelve years later, 17 policemen were reported killed from an attack on Imi in October 1976. During the Somali westen War, well-armed Karanle guerillas besieged both two Imi's cities and other local towns.[3]


    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imi,_Ethiopia

    Even the Sayid was protected and sheltered by Karanle and died in Imey under their protection AUN
    EF8at3XX0AAu6zq (1).png B3C16326-F7E0-45B3-A6C4-792898B09F4C.jpeg
    @embarassing thanks
     
  16. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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  17. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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    Reuters (1995) writes about this event:

    "Somalis say that Aideed, whose Habre Gedir militias have suffered several bitter defeats at the hands of the rival Marehan clan in recent weeks in the central regions, has left Mogadishu to personally lead counterattacks.

    The town of Belet Huen on the Ethiopian frontier has been captured by the joint Marehan and Hawadle forces, who had lost it to Aideed's forces while the United Nations was still in Somalia last year." [1]
    c5SwJ0GR7K91HG4c5ODyQSgClpqRvrus1fLWsyuHdHI.png
     
  18. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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  19. Libaaxseendheer

    Libaaxseendheer JIM PIM

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  20. VantaBlack

    VantaBlack

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    Man I can't believe that I didn't see this thread before now.

    Excellent thread, thanks for this libaaxseendheer.

    [​IMG]
     
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