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Interesting article from 2007 that’s very relevant today

Farm

VIP
In Somalia, Those Who Feed Off Anarchy Fuel It

GALKAYO, Somalia — Beyond clan rivalry and Islamic fervor, an entirely different motive is helping fuel the chaos in Somalia: profit.

A whole class of opportunists — from squatter landlords to teenage gunmen for hire to vendors of out-of-date baby formula — have been feeding off the anarchy in Somalia for so long that they refuse to let go.

They do not pay taxes, their businesses are totally unregulated, and they have skills that are not necessarily geared toward a peaceful society.

In the past few weeks, some Western security officials say, these profiteers have been teaming up with clan fighters and radical Islamists to bring down Somalia’s transitional government, which is the country’s 14th attempt at organizing a central authority and ending the free-for-all of the past 16 years.

They are attacking government troops, smuggling in arms and using their business savvy to raise money for the insurgency. And they are surprisingly open about it.

Omar Hussein Ahmed, an olive oil exporter in Mogadishu, the capital, said he and a group of fellow traders recently bought missiles to shoot at government soldiers.

“Taxes are annoying,” he explained.

Maxamuud Nuur Muradeeste, a squatter landlord who makes a few hundred dollars a year renting out rooms in the former Ministry of Minerals and Water, said he recently invited insurgents to stash weapons on “his” property. He will do whatever it takes, he said, to thwart the government’s plan to reclaim thousands of pieces of public property.

“If this government survives, how will I?” Mr. Muradeeste said.


Layer this problem on top of Somalia’s sticky clan issues, its poverty and its nomadic culture, and it is no wonder that the transitional government seems to be overwhelmed by the same raw antigovernment defiance that has torpedoed earlier attempts at stabilizing the country.

Granted, many of the transitional leaders acknowledge that they have made mistakes and that they have not played the clan politics as deftly as they could have. But they say they believe that there are some Somalis — actually, many Somalis — who will never go along with any program.

“Even if we turned Mogadishu into Houston, there would still be people resisting us,” said Abdirizak Adam Hassan, chief of staff for Somalia’s transitional president, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed. “I’m talking about the guys bringing in expired medicine, selling arms, harboring terrorists. They don’t have a clan name. They’re a congregation of people whose best interests are served by no government.”

In the past month, the resistance has intensified and more than 1,000 people have been killed or wounded as the country has sunk into its deepest crisis since the famine days of the early 1990s.

Most of the victims are civilians, like Amina Abdullahi, who recently fled Mogadishu with two small children holding her hands and a baby tied to her back.

“I don’t understand why this is such a problem,” she said. “If people don’t like this government, can’t they wait until there is an election and vote them out?”

American diplomats had mostly shied away from Somalia since the infamous “Black Hawk Down” episode in 1993 when Somali militiamen shot down two American helicopters and killed 18 United States soldiers. But now the Americans are involved again, driven by a counterterrorism agenda and armed with a pledge of $100 million to rebuild the country.

And it is exactly this kind of hefty support that is fueling the resistance’s urgency, because the opportunists sense that this transitional government, more than any other, poses the biggest threat yet to the gravy days of anarchy.

Somalis are legendary individualists, and when the central government imploded in 1991, people quickly devised ways to fend for themselves.

Businessmen opened their own hospitals, schools, telephone companies and even privatized mail services. Men who were able to muster private armies, often former military officers, seized the biggest prizes: abandoned government property, like ports and airfields, which could generate as much as $40,000 a day. They became the warlords. Many trafficked in guns and drugs and taxed their fellow Somalis.

Beneath the warlords were clan-based networks of thousands of people — adolescent enforcers, stevedores, clerks, truck drivers and their families — all tied into the chaos economy. Ditto for the freelance landlords and duty-free importers.

Over the years, prominent members of the Hawiye clan, Mogadishu’s biggest, have tried to cobble together a government and end this system. But they have failed every time. Though Somalia is notoriously fragmented among dozens of rival clans and subclans, and has been that way for centuries, clans alone did not seem to be the problem.

“It was the opportunists who didn’t see a role for themselves in the future,” said Mohammed Abdi Balle, an elder here in Galkayo, a city about 450 miles north of Mogadishu.

Not all opportunists had the same agenda. Many in the business community became fed up with paying protection fees to the warlords and their countless middle-men.

Business leaders then backed a grass-roots Islamist movement that drove the warlords out of Mogadishu last summer and brought peace to the city for the first time in 15 years.

The Islamists seemed to be the perfect solution for the businessmen. They delivered stability, which was good for most business, but they did not confiscate property or levy heavy taxes. They called themselves an administration, not a government.

“Our best days were under them,” said Abdi Ali Jama, who owns an electrical supply shop in Mogadishu.

But then a radical wing took over, and the Islamists declared war on Ethiopia, which commands one of the mightiest armies in Africa. The Ethiopians, with covert American help, crushed the Islamist army in December and bolstered the authority of Somalia’s transitional government in the capital.

Many residents initially welcomed the transitional government. But then it made some questionable calls that cut across clan and business lines. It abruptly closed ports and took over airfields belonging to Hawiye businessmen, denying them revenue they had been accustomed to receiving for years. Many Somalis began to worry that the transitional government, which includes elders from all of Somalia’s clans, was being pushed around by the Darod, the clan of the transitional president and a historic rival to the Hawiye.

At first, just a few Hawiye sub-clans — mainly those connected to the Islamists — took up arms. But as the government has moved to curtail the profiteering, business leaders say that more and more clans are embracing the rebel cause.

For many Abgal, an influential subclan of the Hawiye, the last straw came in mid-March when the government raised port taxes by 300 percent. Mr. Ahmed, the olive oil exporter and an Abgal, said that after that, there was a mass Abgal defection to the insurgency. “The government is trying to destroy business as we know it,” he said.


Despite attempts at a cease-fire between insurgents and government forces, the violence has raged virtually unabated in Mogadishu.

And once again, the opportunists have stepped in. In some areas, displaced people are forced to pay a “shade tax” to local residents for resting under their trees.
https://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/25/world/africa/25somalia.html
 

Shaolin23

Seeker of knowledge and truth
VIP
I’ve been telling people this is the key problem !!! 30 years of prosperity without government regulation for only a few!! reer Mogadishu business class don’t want a government or justice no government is better for their businesses :francis:
 
USC warlords ruined the country in 1991 they gained properties and opened illicit businesses.
Why on earth would they support a government?

They will have to return the stolen properties and stop their illegal activities.

The problem is, Hawiye will NEVER admit this nor will they/can they control their moryaan counterparts.

We just need to SEPARATE from these people, Puntland Independence Insha'allah.
Let Hawiye and their lackeys deal with Hawiye. Enough is enough.
 
USC warlords ruined the country in 1991 they gained properties and opened illicit businesses.
Why on earth would they support a government?

They will have to return the stolen properties and stop their illegal activities.

The problem is, Hawiye will NEVER admit this nor will they/can they control their moryaan counterparts.

We just need to SEPARATE from these people, Puntland Independence Insha'allah.
Let Hawiye and their lackeys deal with Hawiye. Enough is enough.
Puntland is not going anywhere, you will never get independence! Nor do the people back home want independence!
 
Puntland is not going anywhere, you will never get independence! Nor do the people back home want independence!

Who are you? A Hawiye?

Rot in your self-created mess.

We will not be held hostage by the same moryaan that ruined the country. Nor do we believe that you people will ever control yourselves.

Insha'Allah we will be free from your chaos soon.
 
Who are you? A Hawiye?

Rot in your self-created mess.

We will not be held hostage by the same moryaan that ruined the country. Nor do we believe that you people will ever control yourselves.

Insha'Allah we will be free from your chaos soon.
Baayo you are not going anywhere, we will bring very violent warfare to puntland if it seeks independence. We warned you.


sincerely,

HAG
 
Baayo you are not going anywhere, we will bring very violent warfare to puntland if it seeks independence. We warned you.


sincerely,

HAG


The same warfare you bring every year? I will just keep sending you back to Baraxley. Who is scared of a group that needs AMISOM to babysit them.

BRING IT.

Sincerely,

BOQORTOOYADA.

:hillarybiz:
 
Naturally.

Mogadishu is dysfunctional because it is home to dysfunction. People in that city are either engaged in criminal activities, benefit from crime or they are scared of those criminals.

That city is dominated by one group so it is fair to scrutinise them.

Where are their traditional elders? Where are their islamic scholars? Hello? Anyone normal at home?
 

Tukraq

VIP
Garowe should be the defacto capital and said Deni should assume the role of president of Somalia that government in Mogadishu isn’t real and can’t control a city block:farmajoyaab:
This time we can’t make the same mistake Abdulahi Yusuf Made of leaving it to the incapable, he should rule with an iron fist and cleanse this nation of shabab once and for all this time Mogadishu needs to be cleaned completely And no power vaccums left like we did last time
 
In the words of the late great Saado Ali Warsame (AUN)


Ii tali (ku talkin maayo!)
Aan ku taliyo (ii talin maysid!)
Aan wada tashano (wada tashan mayno!)


They don't/cant govern
They don't want to be governed
They don't want to govern/cooperate with others.
 

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