Mansa Musa and the Mali empireI forgot about the Ajuran Empire. So far these civilizations existed in Africa!!!!
3. Mali(the ruler of this kingdom had $400 billion dollars in wealth)
4. Punt and Ajuran
Why do people say Black Africa had no civilizations for then? I see many evidences of pottery, arts, and statues, masks, and physical artifacts like ruins and buildings!!! We must not stop this racism that Africa had no civilization.
The world's oldest civilization was part of Kush.
"In 1962, a research team headed by Keith C. Seele, Director of The University of Chicago Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition, discovered a pharaonic dynasty in Nubia that predated the first pharaonic period in Kemet (Egypt). This is an area that extends from northern Sudan to southern Kemet. In some literature it was referred to as ancient Ethiopia, or as in the Bible, Kush. Today, it is called Ta-Seti."
"Bruce Williams, archaeologist at the University of Chicago, continuing the research, adds his perspective. "A newly discovered ancient kingdom is always a matter of interest, but when it precedes the earliest known monarchy, the unification of Egypt in the fourth millennium B.C., then history itself is reborn. The place is ancient Nubia at Qustul, where the investigation of archaeological materials recovered during the great 1960s rescue effort has recently unveiled a birthplace of pharaonic civilization several generations before the rise of the first historic Egyptian dynasty." (Archeology Magazine)"
The civilization of Kush was earlier and more advanced at times than was Egypt. Among other things, Cushites introduced the production of iron to the Nile valley.