Somali writing systems( Scripts are culture)

Discussion in 'History' started by Geeljire, Feb 16, 2016.

  1. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    [​IMG]

    A script is not only a technology for writing the spoken word, and hence a vital form of communication. It is also a cultural symbol of a people and their identity. The mere sign of Arabic language carries the power of Islam and the Arab/Muslim people. Every time we see Amharic written we see the might of Ethiopian culture. A script is a powerful political symbol used all over the world to show national identity. It is not accidental that Hebrew was reinstated when Israel was created in 1948
    Not only was Hebrew a fully functional part of unifying Jews, it was also a political symbol of their claim of a connection to Ancient Israel. here is no doubt the every time we see Japanese's we see Japanese's culture, every time we see Chinese we must think in terms of the culture, politics and identity of the Chinese. And by this same logic every time we see Latin we can almost map the history of conquered people and the politics of Western civilization on the world.


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  2. Zayd

    Zayd Confused Youth

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    Kinda shameful we use a latin script, better of using Sabean/Ge'ez or arabic, it's like putting a date palm tree in iceland, it doesn't go together.
     
  3. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    Ancient Script

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    I've transcribed the essential parts of what the Ministry writes on the ancient Somali script below, including the exact locations in Somalia where some of the inscriptions are found:




    Source:



    here's Siad Barre discussing the ancient Somali script, and why his administration settled on the Latin script over the other Somali writing systems: :cool:






    Source:
     
  4. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    Wadaad Script
    Wadaad writing, also known as wadaad Arabic, is the traditional Somali adaptation of written Arabic, as well as the Arabic Script as historically used to transcribe the Somali language . Originally, it referred to an ungrammatical Arabic featuring some words in Somali, with the proportion of Somali vocabulary terms varying depending on the context. Alongside standard Arabic, wadaad writing was used by Somali religious men (wadaado) to record xeer (customary law) petitions and to write qasidas. It was also used by merchants for business and letter writing.

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    The Arabic script was introduced to Somalia in the 13th century by Sheikh Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn
    (colloquially referred to as
    Aw Barkhadle or the "Blessed Father") a man described as "the most outstanding saint in northern Somalia." Of Ashraaf descent, he sought to advance the teaching of the Quran. Al-Kawneyn devised a Somali nomenclature for the Arabic vowels, which enabled his pupils to read and write in Arabic



    Sample Text

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  5. Odeg

    Odeg

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    Just as foreign to us as the latin script imo.
     
  6. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    Osmanya Script/ Far Soomaal (first phenotic Somali alphabet)

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    Osmanya, also known as Cismaanya and far soomaali, is a Somalian script invented between 1920 and 1922 by a man named Osman Yusuf Kenadid, brother of the Sultan of Hobyo and a founding member of the Somali Youth League. Osmanya’s purpose was to transcribe the Somali spoken language (called Af-Soomaali), and though it became fairly widely used it faced heavy competition from the Latin-based script and Arabic. Kenadid invented this script in response to a national campaign calling for a standardized orthography for the Somali language. Such a movement was necessary because the Somali people’s ancient writing system had long since been lost.

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    Wooden carving featuring article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Somali and in the Osmanya alphabet


    It had been recorded that Ciismaan, while writing letters to his family in Somali with the unsuitable Arabic script, said to himself: you are Somali, you speak Somali, why don't you have Somali letters? He then developed his own script which bore no resemblance to either Arabic or to Latin, and began to teach it.

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    Despite this, the early 1970s saw Osmanya being used for personal correspondence and bookkeeping purposes amongst the Somali populace. Even some magazines and books had been published in
    Osmanya as typewriters and other machines had been designed to accommodate its use.

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    here are some of the examples from books written in the script.​
     
    Last edited: Feb 16, 2016
  7. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    Borama/Gadabuursi alphabet

    In 1933 Sheikh Abdurahman Sheikh Nuur invented another script for Somali known as Borama or Gadabuursi which was only used by the Sheikh's small circle of associates in Borama.
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    Sample text


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    Borama has produced a notable body of literature mainly consisting of qasidas



     
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  8. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    Kaddare alphabet

    The Kaddare alphabet was invented by Sheikh Hussein Sheikh Ahmed Kaddare of the Abgaal Hawiye clan in 1952. The letters have upper forms, which are shown on the first row of the chart below, and lower case forms, which are shown on the second row.

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    Sample text

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  9. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    Historical Cultural Strength.
    Cultures which actively use their scripts or have created their own native scripts also have a pattern of historical strength and identity. The fact that Somalis were able to create & use 3 indigenous scripts when it mattered is amazing, it shows how strong our cultural agency was back then.

    When the SYL (Somali Youth League) where fighting for unity and national reconginition. The Ciismanya script served as an important tool to foster Somali identity and culture. It was something that showed our cultural strength and a valuable symbol to our claim of Somali nationhood.

    Here is the contrast by Xiirsi Magan Ciise one of the leading advocates for Ciismanya script:


    ''As a Student in America, where he recieved a bachelor's degree in linguistics at Columbia University, he visited a secondary school accompanied by other foreign students. The teacher asked them all to write ''good morning'' in their native tongue on the board. The Arab, Indian, Japanese and Somali visitors all used their ''national scripts''. The Ugandan student, who had to use Latin script, ''was so humiliated and felt inferior to the rest of us''

    The Ciismanya script helped some Somalis circumvent that humiliation and reinforced their feelings that Somalis are indeed unique, and are a seperate ''nation''.
     
    Last edited: Feb 16, 2016
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  10. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    I think its better if we use the Ciismanya script, its the most suitible script for the Somali language and are consider by many experts to be accurate.
    Arabic/geez and Latin fail to express Somali fully only Ciismanya is fit for this.
     
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  11. Tucking_Fypo

    Tucking_Fypo سلطنة مجرتين

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    The Latin script was good to implement to get the country to catch up with the rest of the world but we should have kept the indigenous scripts too, to keep them alive and familiar to most somalis and i believe many would have used them sooner or later:nvjpqts:
     
  12. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    Why can't we do it like Japan and use 4 different scripts to write in interchangebly ? is too impossible? Japanese have soo many loan words to the point they have to use a seperate script called katakanaa to mark them. Then they have Hiragana which is their native script and Kanji chinese script.
    They use Latin script for foreign use, initials,acronyms etc.

    We can always use Ciismanya/Far Soomaal , Arabic and latin combined. If shit poor Xabashis can use their native script and be sucessful at it .So can we. Isreali revived their script in 1950s from complete obsoleteness and disuse, for good reason as well.

    The latin alphabet just doesn't fully express our language the way Ciismanya does, frankly we look like conquered people with no identity or culture when we use it. Lets be honest the reason we don't use our native script today is due to qabil jelousy and hatred, not because it will make us catch up with the rest of the world.
     
    Last edited: Feb 22, 2016
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  13. Geeljire

    Geeljire

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    As some of you may know many companies including Microsoft accepted Osmania and added it to its list of available fonts
    https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/goglobal/bb688099.aspx the flipside you either have download it or use Windows 7 to utilize this script.

    Here is the keyboard model Osmanya/Far Soomaali.
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    Last edited: Feb 23, 2016
  14. calaf doon

    calaf doon

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    Great topic guys .
     
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  15. Issa waraabe

    Issa waraabe

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    my clan has an ancient script, only clansmen who live in the outback or small rural towns still use it and understand it . its called issa/cisse sumad[​IMG]
     
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